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The Drainage System

Track drainage inspection after Track Renewal found multiple catchpits buried in new ballast, two catchpits that had clearly been hit by an RRV or other machine causing damage (broken rings/broken lids), 50% of the catchpits have had rings nudged sideward causing a large amount of new ballast to enter the catchpits.

Railroad Ballast (Rock): Specifications, Sizes, Background

Track ballast (usually crushed stone), as it is known, is another important part of railroad infrastructure. Although it may just look like plain ole gravel this stone plays a vital role in acting as a support base for the railroad ties and rails as well as allowing for proper drainage of water away from the rails (which is why the stone is always sloped downward and away from track).

Survey of Railway Ballast Selection and Aspects of ...

2012-2-14 · Ballast is the main structural part of railroad where the sleepers (or ties in US) are laid. Its main function is to transfer the loads coming from the super structure to the subgrade without failure and providing good drainage. Different types of materials used for ballast construction like limestone, basalt, granite, slag and gravel.

Comparison of Ballast and Ballastless Tracks Master Thesis

The production of the track ballast happens in quarries, by refracting big stone blocks with explosive. Two track ballast granulation classes can be distinguished: 10 Ballast class I: from 31.2 to 63.0 mm (is generally in use in European railroads) Ballast class II: from 16.0 to 31.5 mm (is generally in use in the areas that need to be

Railway Ballast | Function Of Stones In Railway Track

2020-6-4 · Ballast is a common trackbed structure in the railway transport system, which is used to support track sleepers. A layer of crushed stones will be laid on the roadbed before the tracks are laid, which will then be compacted. Then sleepers and tracks will be laid. Distribute the pressure of the sleepers to the roadbed.

Types of ballast used on the network

 · New stone ballast is generally bluish in color. There was, and still is, no consistency in ballast coloration on any rail corridor as regular railroad track maintenance often requires the addition of new (clean) ballast mixed in with older ballast. Suggest you take some color pics of various actual track ballast conditions and make a color choice.

Construction aggregates | Aggregate Industries

2021-11-19 · Track Ballast. Specialist bedding stone made from natural stone used for laying below railway sleepers. Rip Rap. Available in 300-500mm and 500-700mm, also known to some as armour stone and rock armour. Pitching stone. Used as a walling …

Selection and Maintenance of Ballast

2018-5-2 · Ballast produced for use on main lines is generally governed by standard specifications, although specifications vary between roads for the same types of ballast. The most common size of stone used is that known as 2in. - stone.. Good results can be obtained, however, by using 11/2-in. stone or even 1- in. or 3/4- in. sizes, and in -

Specifications for Track Ballast

Specifications for Track Ballast . The following specifications of ballast, which have recently been revised (June 2004), are followed on Indian Railways. These specifications are applicable for the stone ballast to be used for all types of sleepers on normal tracks, turnouts, tunnels, and deck slabs on all routes. 1 General Qualities

What is ballast ? Types, Functions, Characteristics, Size ...

Ballast is the description for the aggregate beneath the rail track. The track ballast forms the track bed that suports the rail track load and provides water drainage. Rail ballast aggregate is typically 30-50mm aggretate. Hard and tough stone is required for rail ballast. Resists the severe attrition in a railway trackbed environment.

Geotechnical properties of ballast and the role of ...

2020-10-13 · Ballast is a free-draining granular material used as a load-bearing material in railway tracks. It is composed of medium to coarse gravel-sized aggregates (10–60 mm), with a small percentage of cobble-sized particles. Ballasted track is still the most common railroad structure, thanks to its relatively

Quarried Aggregates Supplier | Mainland Aggregates

Generally quarried aggregates are more expensive than recycled aggegates but are more attractive in most cases. Mainland Aggregates are able offer a full range of quarried aggregates such as Type 1, Building Sands and Drainage Gravels to more specialist Rail Aggregates, Sports Sands and SuDS compliant materials.

Different Types Of Aggregate And Their Uses

2019-3-15 · The Different Types Of Aggregate. The categories of aggregates include gravel, sand, recycled concrete, slag, topsoil, ballast, Type 1 MOT, and geosynthetic aggregates (synthetic products commonly used in civil engineering projects used to …

Introduction to Railroad Track Structural Design

2009-7-2 · same for both (e.g. 75 lbs/in2) –Stiffer track Higher loads! • Why these values? • Ballast quality and ability to resist crushing forces (ballast degradation is the number 1 cause of ballast fouling) – Some railroads use different track modulus (u) values in design. For example, Spring u may be used for rail bending and ballast

Railroad Ballast and Other Track Materials

Railroad ballast serves as a bed for railroad tracks and provides track stability, drainage, and support of significant loads carried by railcars. In addition, it deters the growth of vegetation and allows for track maintenance to be performed more easily. Ballast is …

Rail Design Guide

2019-12-9 · of the system. In order to maintain track alignment it is necessary for the ballast to resist a number of forces; vertical, lateral and longitudinal. Conventional rail ballast is formed from crushed stone, normally igneous in origin with a uniform particle size, typically 50mm. The ballast should have a high resistance to abrasion, a rough surface

Railway Track Ballast

31.5/50m Network Rail Approved Track Ballast. Hard and durable micro granite, hard wearing and long lasting with low attrition value. Rail track ballast forms the bed on which sleepers are laid and is traditionally packed between, below and around the ties. The …

Types of ballast used on the network

 · In my experience, the common term "river rock" is the round stone you described as essentially useless for stone ballast. I completely agree and have found through track inspection many examples of track ballasted with white or other color round river rock that needed to be excavated and reballasted with standard ballast as the track ...


2006-10-11 · SPECIFICATION FOR TRACK BALLAST. 1 SCOPE: These specifications will be applicable for stone ballast to be used for all types of sleepers on normal track, turnouts, tunnels and deck slabs etc. on all routes.. 2 DETAILED SPECIFICATIONS:. 2.1 GENERAL.. 2.1.1 Basic Quality: Ballast should be hard durable and as far as possible angular along edges/comers, free from …

Railway Technical Website

2018-12-28 · track itself is supported on "ballast", made up of stones - usually granite or, in the US, basalt - below which is a layer of sand, which separates it from the formation. For new or renewed formations, the sand is normally laid over some sort of geotechnical screen or mesh to separate it …

Graniterock: Technical Reports

Over 100 years ago Graniterock was created to produce Crushed Granite Railroad Ballast to the burgeoning rail industry. This ballast was used to create an extensive rail network throughout Northern and Central California. Consequently, Graniterock has long been recognized as a major supplier of quality ballast products. Although ballast specifications have evolved over time, our ...


2014-9-11 · passing siding would get stone ballast, but that track was rarely cleaned, so the stone ballast soon was hard to distinguish from cinder ballast. Many industrial sidings started with cinder ballast, but over time, dirt built up around the rails, so if you look at most industrial tracks, you …

PAPER OPEN ACCESS Technology of crushed stone …

2020-3-14 · Crushed stone ballast is the most common kind of ballast for the railways of Russian Railways. For the first and second classes of railway, the typical type of ballast is rubble with a layer thickness of not less than 40 cm under reinforced concrete …

How to Choose The Right Aggregate for Your Project

2017-7-7 · Ballast, gravel and hardcore. Ballast is a mixture of sharp sand and small stones or gravel, used to make concrete for a variety of landscaping uses – from path edgings and shed bases to kerbs and securing fence posts. We also supply recycled …

Ballast – Functions and Types

Types of Ballast 1. Broken stone Ballast. Broken stone is a widely used ballast in railways. It is obtained by crushing hard stones like granite, hard trap, quartzite etc. In lieu of broken stones, limestone and sandstone can also be used. It is suitable for high-speed railway tracks.

Rail Ballast (35-50mm)

Rail Ballast (35mm-50mm) £ 4.32 – £ 54.19. Rail Ballast is 35-50mm. Aggregates Direct supplies Network rail approved rail ballast on a national basis in bulk bags and loose tipped. We can offer a 24hr delivery service to the majority of the UK mainland, …

Evaluation of Indirect Tensile Strength of Track Ballast ...

2012-6-7 · Iraq is planning to expand and rehabilitate its current railway network, thus demanding huge amounts of proper ballast material. There are three common quarries in Iraq, Sinjaar in the northern sector, Al-Qaim in western desert and Najaf-sea in the middle and southern parts of Iraq. The selection of proper track ballast material is of prime importance in design and construction of railway ...

Ballast in Railway : Types and Functions

2020-2-23 · Quality of stone ballast required per metre tangent length of broad guage is 1.11 cu.m and for metre gauge, it is 0.767 cu.m. Minimum depth of ballast for broad guage is 250 mm and for metre guage it is 200 mm. Width of ballast for broad gauge track is 3.35 meters and for metre guage track is 2.3 metres. Types of Ballast Used in Railway Track